Article: «Earthen Stories. Cross-Craft Strategies in Raw Material Procurement and Production at the Tell Site of Arslantepe» (2024)

Fragnoli P., Cereda S., Liberotti G. (2024) – Earthen Stories. Cross-Craft Strategies in Raw Material Procurement and Production at the Tell Site of Arslantepe (Türkiye) during the 4th Millennium BCE, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 54, 104447.

Abstract

Arslantepe, located in south-eastern Turkey, is a multi-period settlement with a rich history of habitation dating back to at least the late 5th millennium BCE and spanning into the Medieval period. Over millennia, the site underwent drastic cultural, socio-economic and political transformations, resulting in its current form as a 30-m-high artificial mound. This mound predominantly consists of earth, encompassing clay-based construction materials, assorted objects and discarded materials. This paper consolidates research on various earthen objects and fixtures from the site, investigating their material properties through X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), sediment micromorphology and ceramic petrography. The focus is on characterising the diverse earthen products as well as assessing differences and similarities in the procurement and manipulation of raw materials during the Late Chalcolithic period. Earth emerged as a pivotal resource for Arslantepe communities, showcasing diverse strategies of collection, manipulation and utilisation-a compelling example of cross-crafting strategies. The findings reveal a multifaceted body of knowledge intertwined with the exploitation of this resource, emphasising distinct technological expertise, environmental considerations, as well as cultural preferences and socio-economic factors. Ultimately, the integrated examination of cross-craft strategies in the 4th millennium BCE Arslantepe settlement provides a unique glimpse into communities of practice and social networks centred around the utilisation of earth, contributing to a deeper understanding of past societies.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2024.104447


OpenEdition vous propose de citer ce billet de la manière suivante :
Réseau Terre (25 mars 2024). Article: «Earthen Stories. Cross-Craft Strategies in Raw Material Procurement and Production at the Tell Site of Arslantepe» (2024). Réseau Terre. Consulté le 16 juillet 2024 à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/w2xn


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